LADO – Friend or Foe to Foreign Business?

By Admin- January 19, 2019

Recently, LADOL became the first company in West Africa to be awarded International
Organisation for Standardization (ISO) certifications in recognition of international best
practices in the areas of risk-based thinking and occupational hazards.

Commenting on the certifications, LADOL’s Managing Director, Dr Amy Jadesimi, said
soon the company will “not only exceed international standards, it will set them.”
However, LADOL has recently shown a trend towards hostility, conflict and litigation
with international businesses operating in the LADOL free-zone

The company recently terminated the operating licenses of at least two foreign investors
– Africoat and Samsung Heavy Industries (Nigeria) (SHIN) – with significant investments
in the zone.
Over the past years, both companies have brought considerable investments, trainings,
employment opportunities and transfer of technology to the local Nigerian workforce.


As indicated on its website, LADOL’s vision since inception was to provide the “first
purpose-built, state-of-the art logistics and engineering base west of the Niger Delta.”
The industrial free-zone’s core mission was to develop a 100 percent Nigerian-owned
operation to attract international companies and encourage them to manufacture in

The project was vital to the Nigerian economy, as it promised to bring foreign
investments into the country, provide jobs and training to local communities as well as
unlock the country’s vast oil wealth.

Africoat was one such companies set up in the free-zone to take advantage of an
attractive regulatory regime and manufacturing conditions within the area.
Africoat specializes in pipe-coating and logistics and operated out of the LADOL freezone for several years before LADOL terminated its operating license.
In November 2018, LADOL announced that Africoat had been evicted from the freezone, in part due to alleged outstanding debts.

LADOL also accused Africoat of breaching free-zone regulations – LFZ Regulations,
including financial reporting obligations.
Africoat protested its innocence. First, it denied that some of the outstanding charges
brought against it by LADOL, were too ‘exorbitant’ and without merit, and not per the
original agreement between Africoat and LADOL, the free zone regulations or
applicable law

Africoat was never made aware of such charges, neither did it agree to the charges,
and was not offered the chance to discuss or negotiate the charges once imposed.
Importantly, Africoat also claims it was never made aware by LADOL or GRML, the
free-zone administrator, of the breach of LFZ regulations prior to termination.
The services agreement between LADOL and Africoat made no mention of the
regulations and its impact on the agreed rates between the parties.
Several reporting cycles passed without Africoat being made aware that it was in
supposed breach of the regulations.

Eventually, the Honourable Minister for State for Industry, Trade and Investment, Dr.
Okechukwu Enelamah, was obliged to intervene to settle the dispute.
Africoat’s operating license has since been renewed, but not without a considerable loss
of trust between Africoat and LADOL.


In 2013, SHIN was awarded the contract by Total Upstream Nigeria Limited for the
fabrication and installation of a $3.3 billion Floating Production Storage Offloading
(FPSO) platform destined for the Egina oilfield.
SHIN set a record for local content development, fabricating six out of the 18 modules in
Nigeria using Nigerian work-force.

Also, SHIN shared the work with other Nigerian yards to complete the project, including
Nigerdock and Aveon, all adding to the $1.9 billion in-country spend.
SHIN and LADOL set up a free-zone joint venture in order to construct a state-of-art
facility and quay wall to do certain in-country fabrication and integration of topsides on
the EginaFPSO.

This joint venture entity (SHI-MCI Free Zone Enterprise) was granted an operating
license to operate in the LADOL free-zone. The partnership promised to be a success
and beneficial for all, including Nigeria.
However, in April 2018, LADOL made a demand for one percent of the total EginaFPSO
contract price as a “FOB charge”, which is a purported tax of about $33 million.
SHIN challenged this request for tax payment as unlawful, bad faith and contrary to the
tax regulations, charges and levies exemption offered by the free-zone in accordance
with applicable law.

In addition, SHIN was of the view that such a charge, levy or tax, should only be
payable directly into the government Treasury Single Account (TSA) as directed by the
President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and not into LADOL’s personal account.
LADOL retaliated by suspending SHIN’s operating license. This threatened the timely
delivery of the EginaFPSO and forced SHIN to commence legal proceedings in July
2018 in the Federal High Court, Lagos.
The tax was ultimately paid by Total to guarantee delivery of the Egina FPSO.
However, as soon as the tax issue was settled by Total, LADOL gave further reasons
why it will not renew SHIN’s operating license. It cited alleged outstanding payments
and non-compliance with Nigerian laws.

On September 3, LADOL abruptly stopped all services to SHIN’s yard in the free-zone,
effectively denying access to SHIN and its workforce.
The following day, September 4, SHIN received a letter from LADOL terminating the
sublease agreement over the yard.
LADOL demanded that SHIN removed its fixtures and fittings and vacate the zone
within 90 days. The grounds of the demand were breaches of the sublease agreement.

The Nigerian Export Processing Zones Authority (NEPZA) is the government-owned
body responsible for regulating the Nigerian free-zones, including LADOL.
Barrister Emmanuel Jime, Managing Director of NEPZA, having reviewed LADOL’s
allegations against SHIN/SHI-MCI and the latter’s defense, directed LADOL to renew
SHIN’s operating license for 2018/2019.

Also, LADOL was asked to restore all rights and services to the free-zone yard as SHIN
were entitled, pending the outcome of a NEPZA committee review.
LADOL ignored this directive issued by its own regulator and delegator of LADOL’s
authority to administer the free zone area.
SHIN was once again forced to resort to the protection of the Nigerian courts and
lodged an urgent motion before the Federal High Court, Lagos.

The court has since granted an interim order in SHIN’s favour restraining LADOL from
evicting SHIN from the fabrication and integration yard.
The court ordered that SHIN be free to move in and out of its yard with its employees,
agents and service providers.
Furthermore, the court directed LADOL to provide all services, such as water and power
supply to the yard. The case is ongoing.


{SHIN alleged bad faith. Its legal action against LADOL claimed since the beginning of
the relationship between LADOL and SHIN, LADOL has been scheming to take over
SHIN’s fabrication yard within the free-zone to use it as a port-terminal, which it
currently lacks.
This point was also been noted by Nigerian oil-industry experts.
From an early stage in the relationship between LADOL and SHIN, oil-industry experts
in Nigeria had questioned LADOL’s ability to host the Egina FPSO project.
The Nigerian Local Content Group (NLCG) described the free-zone as an empty landmass without visible investment, debunking LADOL’s claims that $500 million had gone
into the site.

The NLCG equally argued that, for a free-zone without a fabrication yard, it was not
surprising that LADOL was seeking to actively mislead the public.
This dispute has reportedly cost the Nigerian economy approximately $15 million a day
in lost oil production.
This is inconsistent with LADOL’s mission of attracting international investment to
benefit the Nigerian economy.
Africoat and SHIN have demonstrated a commitment to Nigeria that should be

SHIN has created over 2,000 jobs and opened opportunities for Nigerians at
management level.
It has also set up a welders’ training facility where it has trained almost 600-welders at
its purpose-built Technology Training Centre up to international standards.
In 2016, SHIN gave a grant of $2.7 million to LADOL to develop a Santa training facility.
To-date, LADOL has not utilized the funds to develop the facility.
As part of its corporate social responsibility (CSR) since 2015, Samsung has worked
with Vision Care in the annual Eye camp to give free cataract surgeries to patients at
risk of blindness

Overall, the fabrication of six of the modules locally was a testament to the potentials
discovered locally and the collaboration between SHIN, Total, government departments
and local businesses.
The EginaFPSO was the largest ship to ever sail out of an African port and was the
product of teamwork and collaboration.


LADOL must operate on the global stage to fulfil its mission of encouraging international
businesses to manufacture and invest in the free-zone.
As Dr Jadesimi noted, “LADOL must exceed international standards.” However, LADOL
is, sadly, developing a reputation for hostility towards international business. Worse still,
international business will not invest in the free-zone if there are lingering concerns that
LADOL will move to seize their assets.

LADOL is now at a junction – it will either go the way of graft and short-term gain, or it
will engage properly, fairly and transparently with its international partners for its own
long-term benefits, and the benefit of all Nigerians.
SHIN’s newly appointed Managing Director, Jejin Jeon, said the Egina project, “plugs
into the core themes about development, energy transition, human capital development,
and responsible investment.”
Far from frightening SHIN from the Nigerian market, the local content laws were the
lifeblood of the project, allowing SHIN to train and employ the local workforce.
Jeon is optimistic for replication of the Egina project elsewhere in Nigeria, creating a
“wealth of opportunities, job and education for people of Nigeria.”
Nigeria should hope that these opportunities are not squandered needlessly.

Mr Ibrahim, a public policy expert, writes from Abuja (Culled from Premium Times)



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